Mokś – Karmon se svatantrata ko prāpt karana

Karm, Gurutvākarśan kī tarah hī, ek aisī vyavastha hai jo ki āpake aur mere ūpar kāryarat hai. Karm ka arth bahut sī bāten ho sakatī hain, parantu isaka maulik vichār hamāre dvāra kie hue kāmon se hai aur dhārmik kāryon ke lābh aur bure kāryon ke lie dand hamāre prānon ke sāth juda hua hai. Jab tak hamāre kāry pūrī tarah se dhārmik nahin hote tab tak ham par inaka dand hai, aur jab tak yah dand nahin de diya jāta ham bandhan mein pade hue hain.

Ham sabhī kisī na kisī tarīke se sahaj buddhi se inaka ahasās karate hain. Aur hamārī buddhi aur gyān ke dvāra hamane bahut se aise tarīkon ko in jama kie hue karmon se nipatāra karane ke lie āviśkrt kar liya hai. Ek mārg karm mārg hai (kāmon ka ek mārg) jisamen ham bhale kāmon ke lie bahut hī kathin mehanat karate hain. Mantr aur pūja hain jinaka ucchāran kiya jāta hai. Tyohār aur pavitr snān jaisī bāten hain jinamen bhāg liya jāta hai, jaise Kumbh Mela Tyohār. Ye tarīke bahut hī kathin hain aur hamen kabhī bhī āśvast nahin kiya gaya hai ki hamāre prayās paryāpt hain. Kya hamāre karmon ke pīche kī gaī manśa bhalī thī? Kya bhale karmon kī sankhya kī mātra paryāpt hai? Ham isake lie kabhī bhī suniśchit nahin hain. Aur isalie, Guratvākarśan kī tarah hī, ham karmon mein bane rahate hue, svayam ko mokś prāpt karane aur svatantrata prāpti ke lie sakśam nahin hain. Isalie hī pūja karane se pahale adhikānś log Prarathāsnāna (yā Pratāsana) mantr (“Main ek pāpī hūn. Main pāp ka parinām hūn. Main pāp mein utpann hua. Mera prān pāp ke adhīn hai. Main sabase bada pāpī hūn. He Prabhu jisake pās sundar ānkhen hain, mujhe bacha le, balidān dene vāle he Prabhu.”) ka ucchāran karate hain.

Prajāpati/Yahova: aisa Parameśvar jo balidān mein prabandh karata hai

Isalie ab “balidān ka yah Prabhu kaun hai?” aur yah kaise hamen karmon kī vyavastha se bacha sakata hai? Sabase prāchīn ved ke lekhon mein, Parameśvar jo sārī srśti ka Prabhu tha – jisane ise racha aur brahmānd ko apane niyantran mein rakhata hai – ko Prajāpati kah kar pukāra jāta tha. Yah Prajāpati hī hai jisake dvāra bākī ka sab kuch astitv mein āya hai.

Rg Ved ke likhe jāne ke samay ke ās pās hī, lagabhag 1500 Isa Pūrv Pavitr Sāstr ka ek aur hissa Prthvī kī dūsarī chor – jise ab Madhy Pūrv Dvīp kah kar pukāra jāta hai, par likha ja raha tha. Ved Pustak (Baibal) ke ye ārambhik Ibrānī mūl pratiyān ko Torah ke nām se jāna jāta hai. Torah is ghośana ke sāth ārambh hotī hai ki ek hī Parameśvar hai jo is pūre brahmānd ka srśtikarta hai. Mūl Ibrānī bhāśa ke lipyāntaran mein is Parameśvar ko ya to Ilohīm ya phir Yahova kah kar pukāra jāta tha, aur in nāmon ko ek dūsare kesthān par aur in Ibrānī mūl pratiyon mein sabhī sthānon par upayog kiya jāta tha. Is prakār, Rg Ved ke Prajāpati ke jaise hī, Torah ka Yahova ya Ilohīm pūrī srśti ka Prabhu tha (aur hai).

Torah ke ārambh mein, Yahova ne svayam ko us Parameśvar mein pragat kiya hai jo ek Rśi jise Abrāham kah kar pukāra jāta hai, ke sāth huī muthabhed mein ullekhanīy tarīke se prabandh karane vāle ke rūp mein svayam ko pragat karata hai. Ham bād mein is muthabhed par aur adhik vistār se dekhenge. Abhī kuch palon ke lie, main chāhata hūn ki āp Yahova jo prabandh karata hai (Ibrānī bhāśa ke Yahova-Yire ka lipyāntaran) aur Rg Ved ke Prajāpati jo ki “srje huon ka samarthak aur surakśa karane vāla” hai, ke madhy paī jāne vālī samānataon ke ūpar dhyān den.

Kis tarīke mein Yahova prabandh karata hai? Hamane pahale hī is āvaśyakata kī or dhyān de diya hai ki hamen karmon se chutakāra prāpt karana hai, aur hamane us mantr ke ūpar bhī dhyān de diya hai jisamen ‘balidān vāle Prabhu’ se prārthana kī gaī hai. Rg Ved nimn bāt kahate hue usī ke ūpar aur adhik vistār karata hai:

Vāstavik balidān svayam Prajāpati hī hai

[Sanskrti: ‘Pajapatir yajnah’]

Satapath brāhman ka bhāśāntaran karate hue Sanskrt ke vidvān Aich. Agulīār nimn tippanī dete hai:

“Aur vāstav mein, is balidān ko pūra karane ke lie aur koī bhī (pīdit) nahin tha, parantu keval Prajāpati hī tha aur Devataon ne use balidān ke lie taiyār kar diya. Is kāran is sandarbh ke sambandh mein rśi ne kaha hai, ki Devataon ne balidān kī sahāyata se is balidān ko bhent mein chadha diya – kyonki balidān kī sahāyata ke dvāra unhonne us ko (Prajāpati ) bhent mein chadha diya, balidān – ye sabase pahale vidhān the, kyonki vyavasthaen sabase pahale sthāpit kī gaī thīn.” Aich. Agulīār, Rg Ved mein Balidān

Prāchīn samay se Ved ghośana karate ā rahe hain ki Prajāpati (ya Yahova) ne hamārī āvaśyakata kī pahacān kar lī thī isalie usane hamāre karmon ke lie svayam-ko-balidān ke lie dene ka prabandh kiya. Usane aisa kaise kiya ham bād ke lekhon mein dekhenge jab ham Rg Ved ke Purūśāsūkta mein Purūśa-Prajāpati ke balidān ke ūpar dhyān kendrit karenge, parantu abhī ke lie keval itana hī sochen ki yah kitana mahatvapūrn hai. Svetāśvataropaniśad 3:8 aise kahata hai:

‘Anant jīvan ka any koī mārg nahin hai’ (Sanskrt mein : Nanyahpantha vidyate – ayanaya) Svetāśvataropaniśad 3:8

Yadi āp karmon se bachane kī rūchi rakhate hain, yadi āp mokś ya ātm jāgrti kī iccha rakhate hain tab is bāt kī jānakārī hona buddhimānī hai ki kyon aur kaise Prajāpati (ya Yahova) ne hamāre lie Yīśu mein svayam-ke-balidān ke dvāra prabandh karate hue pragat kiya hai tāki ham karmon se bach saken aur svarg ko prāpt kar saken. Aur Ved hamen mārg mein nahin chod dete hain. Rg Ved mein Purūśāsūkata hai jo Prajāpati ke dehadhāran aur usake dvāra hamāre lie balidān hone ka vivaran deta hai. Yahān Par Purūśāsūkta ke parichay ko dekhane ke lie klik karen jo Purūśa ka vivaran vaise hī deta hai jaise Baibal (Ved Pustak) Yīśu satsang (Nāsarat ke Yīśu) ka karatī hai aur usaka balidān āp tak mokś ya mukti (amaratv) ko lekar āta hai. Isake paśchāt ham in Vedon ke adhyayan ko jārī rakhenge aur dekhenge ki kaise prāchīn rśi Ayyūb karmon se svayam kī svatantrata kī ghośana aur śāśvat jīvan – use mokś pradān kiya gaya tha, kī apekśa kar saka.

Balidān kī Viśvavyāpī āvaśyakata

Rśi aur Muni gan yugon se jānate the ki log chal arthāt māya aur pāp mein jīvan vyatīt karenge. Yah sabhī Dharmon, yugon ke logon aur śaikśanik yogyataon ke star par ek sahaj gyān kī jāgarūkata ke sāth pragat hua ki unhen kisī na kisī tarīke se śuddh hone kī āvaśyakata hai. Isalie hī bahut se log Kumbh mele ke tyohār mein bhāg lete hain aur kyon pūja karane se pahale log Prarathāsnāna (ya Pratāsana) mantr kī prārthana karo karate hain (“Main ek pāpī hūn. Main pāp ka parinām hūn. Main pāp mein utpann hua. Mera prān pāp ke adhīn hai. Main sabase bada pāpī hūn. He Prabhu jisake pās sundar ānkhen hain, mujhe bacha le, balidān dene vale, He Prabhu.”). Suddh hone ke is sahaj gyān ke sāth-sāth balidān dene kī āvaśyakata ka bhāv bhī hai ki kisī na kisī tarīke se hamāre pāpon ke jurmāne ya hamāre jīvan ke andhakār (tamas) ko ada kar diya jae. Aur ek bār phir se balidānon kī pūja mein, ya Kumbh mele aur any tyohāron mein log samay, dhan, tapasya ko dete hain tāki balidān ke is sahaj gyān kī āvaśyakata ko pūrn kar saken. Mainne suna hai ki log Gāyen ko lete hain aur usakī pūnch pakade hue Nadī ke us pār utarate hain. Yah ek pūja ya balidān ke rūp mein kśama ko kamāne ke lie kiya jāta hai.

Balidān ko dene kī āvaśyakata tab tak hamāre chāron or rahegī jab tak prāchīnattam dhārmik lekh hamāre chāron or rahenge. Aur ye lekh puśti karate hain ki jo kuch hamāra sahaj gyān hamen kahata hai – vah yah hai ki balidān bahut hī mahatvapūrn hai aur ise diya hī jāna chāhie. Udāharan ke lie nīche dī huī śikśaon ke ūpar vichār karen:

Kathopaniśad (Hindū lekh) mein nāyak Nacīketa kahata hai:

“Main sachamuch mein jānata hūn ki balidān svarg kī or le chalate hain aur svarg kī prāpti ka mārg hai” kathopaniśad 1:14

Hindū pustak kahatī hai:

“Balidān ke mādhyam se hī manuśy svarg pahuncata hai” Satapatha brāhmana. VII.6.1.10

“Balidān ke tarīke se, na keval manuśy apitu devata bhī amaratv ko prāpt kar lete hain” Satapatha brāhman. II. 2.2.8-14

Parināmasvarūp, balidān ke mādhyam se hī ham amaratv aur svarg (mokś) ko prāpt karate hain. Parantu praśn abhī bhī bana hua hai ki kis tarah ka balidān aur kitana adhik dand kī kīmat ada karane ke lie paryāpt hai ya hamāre pāpon/tamas ke virūddh lābh kamāne ke lie āvaśyak hai? Kya 5 varśon kī tapasya isake lie paryāpt hai? Kya garībon ko dhan dena ek balidān ke lie paryāpt hai? Aur isī tarah kī any bāten, kitana paryāpt hai?

Yahova/Prajāpati: Balidān ka prabandh karane vāla Parameśvar

Sabase prāchīnattam ved ke lekhon mein, Parameśvar jo srśti ka Prabhu tha–jisane ise racha aur brahmānd ko apane niyantran mein rakhata hai – ko Prajāpati  kah kar pukāra jāta tha. Yah Prajāpati  hī hai jisake dvāra bākī ka sab kuch astitv mein āya hai.

Rg Ved ke likhe jāne ke samay ke ās pās hī, lagabhag 1500 Isa Pūrv Pavitr Sāstr ka ek aur hissa Prthvī kī dūsarī chor – jise ab Madhy Pūrv Dvīp kah kar pukāra jāta hai, par likha ja raha tha. Ved Pustak (Baibal) ke ye ārambhik Ibrānī mūl pratiyān ko Torah ke nām se jāna jāta hai. Torah is ghośana ke sāth ārambh hotī hai ki ek hī Parameśvar hai jo is pūre brahmānd ka srśtikarta hai. Mūl Ibrānī bhāśa ke lipyāntaran mein is Parameśvar ko ya to Ilohīm ya phir Yahova kah kar pukāra jāta tha, aur in nāmon ko ek dūsare ke sthān par aur in Ibrānī mūl pratiyon mein sabhī sthānon par upayog kiya jāta tha. Is prakār, Rg Ved ke Prajāpati ke jaise hī, Torah ka Yahova ya Ilohīm pūrī srśti ka Prabhu tha (aur hai).

Torah ke ārambh mein, Yahova svayam ko us ‘praband karne wale’ Parameśvar ke rup main ek Rśi jise Abrāham kah kar pukāra jāta hai, ke sāth huī muthabhed mein ullekhanīy tarīke se svayam ko pragat karata hai. Ham bād mein is muthabhed par aur adhik vistār se dekhenge. Abhī kuch palon ke lie, main chāhata hūn ki āp Yahova jo prabandh karata hai (Ibrānī bhāśa ke Yahova-Yire ka lipyāntaran) aur Rg Ved ke Prajāpati  jo ki “Srje huon ka samarthak aur surakśa karane vāla” hai, ke madhy paī jāne vālī samānataon ke ūpar dhyān den.

Kis tarīke mein Yahova prabandh karata hai? Hamane pahale hī is logon ke dvāra balidān die jāne kī āvaśyakata ke ūpar dhyān de diya hai parantu is bāt kī niśchitata ke bina ki jis balidān ko ham la rahe hain vah paryāpt hai. Sabase adhik rūchipūrn bāt jo hai vah yah hai ki hamārī āvaśyakata ke is viśeś kśetr mein Tandayāmāha Brāhman yah ghośana karata hai ki kaise hamārī āvaśyakata ke lie Prajāpati  prabandh karega. yah kahata hai:

“Prajāpati  (sārī srśti ke Prabhu) ne svayam-ka-balidān ko devataon kī bhent ke lie chadha diya” Tandayāmāha Brāhman, adhyāy 7 ka 2ra kānd.” [Sanskrt mein – “Prajapatirddevebhyam atmanam Yajnam krtva prayacchat”]

Yahān par Prajāpati  ek vachan hai. Keval ek hī Prajāpati hai, thīk vaise hī jaise Torah mein ek hī Yahova hai. Bād mein Purānon ke Sāhity (Isvī San 500-1000 mein likhe gae) mein kaī Prajāpati yon kī pahachān kī gaī hai. Parantu sabase prāchīnattam lekhon mein jaisa ki ūpar likha gaya hai Prajāpati  ekavachan hai. Aur is kathan mein ham dekhate hain ki Prajāpati  svayam ko de deta hai ya vah svayam balidān hai aur vah anyon ke badale mein svayam ko de deta hai. Rg Ved yah kahate hue puśti karate hain:

“Vāstavik balidān svayam Prajāpati  hī hai” [Sanskrt: ‘Pajapatir yajnah’]

Satapatha Brāhman ka bhāśāntaran karate hue Sanskrta ke vidvān Aich. Agulīār nimn tippanī dete hain:

“Aur vāstav mein, is balidān ko pūra karane ke lie aur koī bhī (pīdit) nahin tha, parantu keval Prajāpati  hī tha aur devataon ne use balidān ke lie taiyār kar diya. Is kāran is sandarbh ke sambandh mein rśi ne kaha hai, ki devataon ne balidān kī sahāyata se is balidān ko bhent mein chadha diya– kyonki balidān kī sahāyata ke dvāra unhonne usako (Prajāpati ) bhent mein chadha diya, balidān– ye sabase pahale vidhān the, kyonki vyavasthaen sabase pahale sthāpit kī gaī thī.” Aich. Agulīār, Rg Ved mein Balidān

Prāchīn samay se Ved ghośana karate ā rahe hain ki Prajāpati  (ya Yahova) ne hamārī āvaśyakata kī pahachān kar lī thī isalie usane hamāre karmon ke lie svayam-ko-balidān ke lie dene ka prabandh kiya. Usane aisa kaise kiya ham bād ke lekhon mein dekhenge jab ham Rg Ved ke Purūśāsūkta mein Purūśa-Prajāpati ke balidān ke ūpar dhyān kendrit karenge, parantu abhī ke lie keval itana hī sochen ki yah kitana mahatvapūrn hai. Svetāśvataropaniśad 3:8 aise kahata hai:

‘Anant jīvan ka any koī mārg nahin hai’ (Sanskrt mein : Nanyahpantha vidyate – ayanaya) Svetāśvataropaniśad 3:8

Yadi āp śāś‍vat jīvan mein rūchi rakhate hain, yadi āp mokś ya ātm jāgrti kī iccha rakhate hain tab is bāt kī jānakārī hona buddhimānī hai ki kyon aur kaise Prajāpati  (ya Yahova) ne hamāre lie Yīśu mein svayam-ke-balidān ke dvāra prabandh karate hue pragat kiya hai tāki ham karmon se bach saken aur svarg ko prāpt kar saken. Aur ved hamen mārg mein nahin chod dete hain. Rg Ved mein Purūśāsūkta hai jo Prajāpati ke dehadhāran aur usake dvāra hamāre lie balidān hone ka vivaran deta hai. Yahān par Purūśāsūkta ke parichay ko dekhane ke lie klik karen jo Purūśa ka vivaran vaise hī deta hai jaise Baibal (Ved Pustak) Yīśu satsang (Nāsarat ke Yīśu) ka karatī hai aur usaka balidān āp tak mokś ya mukti (Amaratv) ko lekar āta hai. Yahān par yah samajhane ke lie klik karen ki Yīśu ke is balidān se śuddh ko kaise prāpt kiya jae.